Andrews, J., Reinold, M., Wilk, K. The Athlete’s Shoulder. Sands and Mcneal have a few fantastic chapters on flexibility in recent Strength and Conditioning text books (39-40). As noted at the start of this article, gymnasts are typically our hyper in their joint capsules. When someone pushes a knee into extension, we strain the posterior knee joint, other passive stabilizers of the knee, and tension the ACL. Consistently moving joints through their full range of motion three to five days per week, can also decrease the risk of injury when performingactivities of daily living and ease pain from chronic conditions such as: back pain and osteoarthritis. Workout Length and Frequency: The average individual workout session is between 20-40 minutes in length.  Kenen (1969) and McKinnon (1963) were further developers of this idea. Bialosky, et al. This is true both in training and in our medical clinic. This would suggest that with significant immobilization or time spent in prolonged tension, sarcomeregensis may occur within the muscles. Am J Sports Med 2011 39: 85S. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 25:3809, 1997. With this said, lets review some basic anatomy. Ben M., Harvey LA. Other researchers combat these ideas and say that effects locally in the muscle like water hydration levels, changes in the viscoelasticity of muscles, and even interesting ideas down to stem cell changes within tendinous structures may be factors.  The creation of the euro is often cited because it provides the most modern and largest-scale case study of an attempt to identify an optimum currency area, and provides a comparative before-and-after model by which to test the principles of the theory. I view the different goals fo flexibility in this light. I feel this approach not only makes more sense from a gymnastics technique point of view, but also incorporates a lot of current scientific research on flexibility, soft tissue work, and human movement. He also found that the Plains would not fit into an optimal currency area.. 2015 Jun;25(3):346-55. doi: 10.1111/sms.12228. It’s not that these are bad, but there needs to be equal amount of hamstring, glute, and deep hip external rotator work as well. Cranking on their ankles to get more toe point may help to make skills look better, but may be increasing their subsequent injury risk. I’m not saying all the stretches or flexibility approaches we use must be discontinued because they are dangerous. This will help them continue to get the strength training effect but won’t continue to perpetuate their overhead mobility issue. Feenstra, Robert C., and Alan M. Taylor. Alongside this, there is a lot of confusion or misunderstandings about what happens when gymnasts stretch, why it helps increase range of motion, how much stretching is suggested as beneficial to improve flexibility, and how to make changes show up in skills. It directly relates to this conversation on the need to understand anatomy, as well as active and passive structures, and knowing where discomfort is or is not expected. In economics, an optimum currency area (OCA) or optimal currency region (OCR), is a geographical region in which it would maximize economic efficiency to have the entire region share a single currency. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). I will take a few paragraphs to explain the current body of research on stretching, outlining some important studies that have been done. There are a handful of topics that are regularly at the center of conversation within the sport of gymnastics. Furthermore, greater integration under the OCA project might also improve other OCA criteria. In Wilk KE, Reinold MM, Andrews JR., The Athlete’s Shoulder: 2nd Edition. We do not want to excessively relax the muscular tissue and increase lots of joint motion before we then subject them to extremely high forces. It’s my opinion that the sport of gymnastics has yet to use a systematic, individualized, science-based system to flexibility methods in training. Active Flexibility in New Range of Motion and Eccentrics With this mobility comes the huge need to be strong, have very good technique, and have exceptional muscular stability. 2) change the hamstring muscle extensibility. The ankle joint is very far from the hip socket. The points made above, research does support specific stretching, why we change! Repair and putting an athlete ’ s overall amount of flexibility drill may cause those outside. 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