Japanese government officials signed the document entitled Japanese Instrument of Surrender. Nevertheless, an enterprising staff member found rare parchment in a basement of a monastery, and this was given to MacArthur's printer.[1]. Thank you! Is there any way to verify who, specifically my father, was aboard the Missouri on that day? I have been trying to look up the position where USS Missouri was anchored for the surrender of Japan. Before submitting a question, please visit Frequently Asked Questions. Missouri and before representatives of nine Allied nations, the Japanese signed their surrender. The reason for the card was to prove who was actually present. FILE - In this Sept. 2, 1945, file photo, Japanese surrender signatories arrive on board the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay to participate in surrender ceremonies. Yes, some of them are marines. At 9:04 AM, Foreign Minister Shigemitsu signed, followed two minutes later by General Umezu. A replica of it, along with copies of the instrument of surrender, is in a case on Missouri by the plaque marking the signing spot. My father, 21 at the time, scrambled down and asked if they needed anything. the Instrument of Surrender signed by the Japanese plenipotentiaries by command and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters at Toyko on 2 September, 1945; General Order No. At the ceremonies, General MacArthur stated that the Japanese and their conquerors did not meet "in a spirit of mistrust, malice or hatred but rather, it is for us, both victors and vanquished, to rise to that higher dignity which … Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online. He passed away in June at 93 and I miss him! I have seen it in some memorials but have been unable to find it on line. Our collection database is a work in progress. A commonly heard story is that one of the flags had flown over the White House on the day Pearl Harbor was attacked. Missouri for the formal surrender in Tokyo because MacArthur wanted the height of the Americans to contrast as starkly as possible with the height of the Japanese. "This moment is represented across the America: With this photo in Washington, DC, the Missouri itself at its final mooring place in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and the original commemorative medallion imbedded in the deck where the surrender signing took place is located in the Missouri state capitol in Jefferson City. And I was first loader on quad 14 barrel #3 and Mr Caron was my gun captain and he was from Sanford Maine. Still has his memories! [2][3] That morning, on the deck of the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, the Japanese envoys Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and Gen. Yoshijiro Umezu signed their names on the Instrument of Surrender. For the Allied Powers, representatives from the US, UK, China, Soviet Union, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, France, and Netherlands signed the instrument of surrender.Following the surrender, the V-J Day (Victory Over Japan Day) celebrations were widespread … I seem to remember my Uncle telling us that he was on The Missouri during the signing of the treaty. The same spot we’d originally anchored, where Perry had been in 1853". Height and MacArthur: possibly. HMS Duke of York is just beyond, with HMS King George V further in. Last of 3 living Nicholas survivors. General Yoshijiro Umezu then signed for the Japanese armed forces, and his aides wept as he made his signature. He recalls looking up and seeing MacArthur as well. My dad, Robert R. Harrison, was on a ship that passed near the fantail of the USS MIssouri as the surrender documents were being signed. The time was recorded as 4 minutes past 9 o'clock. If someone does not have the card, they most likely were not present for the signing. It set out in eight short paragraphs the complete capitulation of Japan. USS MISSOURI SEPTEMBER 2, 1945 Tokyo Bay CERTIFYING THE PRESENCE OF: LIEUT. My grandfather, Justus R Armstrong was a communications officer sunder Spruance and was on the USS Missouri and I can't find anything about him or his job. Japanese Surrender Documents of World War 2 (1945) Following the Atomic bombings at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrendered to the forces of the United Nations, led by the United States. I would also like a list of who were there. He was his ship’s representative on board Missouri that day. USFDA denies political pressure to approve Pfizer COVID vaccine quickly He saw MacArthur 30’ away and was much impressed! The Japanese signed the terms of surrender in the American battleship Missouri early yesterday and the war is now officially over. I am sad to say his career was shortened ,when he dies of lung cancer on September 7th 1973 at the age of 57. The model of USS Missouri in the National Museum of the United States Navy at the Washington Navy Yard, has a scale replica of the signing table in the correct location. Japanese Emperor Hirohito made the decision to surrender just five days after the U.S. dropped the second atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki on Aug. 9, 1945. Formal Surrender of Japan, 2 September 1945 -- Signing the Instruments of Surrender. Only those present as sailors received an attendance certificate card. He was followed by the Chief of the Army General Staff, General Yoshijirō Umezu, who signed for the Japanese Army. General YOSHIJIRO UMEZU was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to life imprisonment. Nearest ship is USS Missouri. My father was present but was not an officer. MacArthur supported the government of Australia's demand to attend and sign separately from the UK, although Australia objected to his recommendation that Canada, the Netherlands, and France also sign the document.[15]. He is now 94 and will be flying to Hawaii for the ceremonies of the 75th anniversary of the signing of that treaty. The ceremony aboard the deck of the Missouri lasted 23 minutes and was broadcast throughout the world. The Japanese signatories of the surrender were Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and General Yoshijiro Umezu, Chief of the Army General Staff, and acting as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces General Douglas MacArthur accepted their surrender. [2] The original flag is still on display at the Naval Academy Museum, as is the table and tablecloth upon which the instrument of surrender was signed, and the original bronze plaque marking the location of the signing (which was replaced by two replicas in 1990). "This was the spot we had anchored in there in Tokyo Bay, Off Yokosuka. The signing took place on the deck of USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945. Are any of the officers on deck U.S. Marines? From Adm Murray's account at the Surrender Ceremony: A replica of this historic flag can be seen today on the Surrender Deck of the Battleship Missouri Memorial in Pearl Harbor. Sussex. However, it is not certain that the table is the actual one used as the deck had been cleaned and items returned to storage before anyone thought to save it. Yoshijirō Umezu - Wikipedia As for the diplomat, MAMORU SHIGMITSU, also he was arrested, sent to trial, and sentenced as well. If at all possible could you please tell me the name of the Ship on Were tall men specially selected? The opening words, "We, acting by command of and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan," signified the importance attached to the Emperor's role by the Americans who … The ceremony was staged at the fourth side of a hollow square wherein the Japanese entourage, dwarfed by their stalwart guard, waited in crestfallen silence. He was 21 or 22 years old at that time. Below are transcriptions of various doc The two men were later convicted of war crimes. I have been searching for a list, I have a photo album from the driver of a General that was there, I have a document that he left in the back seat of the car after, and lots of photos of the big generals before the signing getting ready and standing around LOL, also have his order with the list of all the Generals under Macarthur and there drivers and cars, lots of cool pics of the cars too. So there was nothing special about them. He did it at the surrender in Manila: ordered tallest soldiers to be there to guard Japanese General when he arrived for surrender ceremony. They replied they were waiting for the tender to take them on board the Missouri. However, Captain Stuart Murray of USS Missouri explained: At eight o'clock we had hoisted a clean set of colors at the mainmast and a clean Union Jack [of the United States] at the bow as we were at anchor, and I would like to add that these were just regular ship's flags, GI issue, that we'd pulled out of the spares, nothing special about them, and they had never been used anywhere so far as we know, at least they were clean and we had probably gotten them in Guam in May. First loader was the most important position on the most important anti aircraft gun as they knocked out more Kamikazis than all other anti aircraft guns put together. The surrender of Singapore: Pictures show the moment Britain surrendered island territory to Japan in 1942, leading to three years of hell for 80,000 prisoners of war When actually only about 1100 were present. 1, promulgated at the same place and on the same date; the Local Agreement made by the Supreme Commander, Japanese Expeditionary Forces, Southern … Lieutenant General Richard K. Sutherland, aboard USS Missouri, corrects a signatory error in the Japanese Instrument of Surrender. You must be proud. IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and media viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. If you would like to know how you can use content on this page, see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use. He would have been 98 this year. Finding ANY records of all the sailors seems impossible and I can't find this anywhere. We may update this record based on further research and review. After being released from the Navy and using the GI Bill at the U of Washington, he went on to join the U.S. Army as a career, and retired as a Lt. Col. My dad was on the USS Nicholas when it was alongside the USS Missouri at the signing on 9/2/45. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions. But he had fought the Japanese in Palau, Peleliu island, 1st Marine division and was one of 35 men in that division who left the island walking. It was flown out in its glass case from the Naval Academy Museum. Gen. MacArthur's staff headed by Col. LeGrande A. Diller were tasked to prepare the draft of the Instrument of Surrender. Basilio Valdes for the Philippines are now displayed at The International Museum of World War II in Natick, Massachusetts.[21]. ROBERT L. BALFOUR USNR at the formal surrender of the Japanese Forces to the Allied Powers. A: The countries that observe Aug. 15 mark Japan’s public announcement of its surrender. The only thing I can say is they were hard up for baloney, because it was nothing like that. The document signed by … My great uncle, Robert Rinearson, was there and he was in HQ company of the 1st Marine Raider Battalion. The only special flag that was there was a flag which Commodore Perry had flown on his ship out in that same location 82 years before [sic: the actual number of years was 92]. USS Colorado is in far center distance. Mount Fuji is in the background. Please note that we generally cannot answer questions about the history, rarity, or value of your personal artifacts. JAPAN'S SURRENDER. On this day, the Japanese surrender ceremony was held aboard the USS Missouri, a US Navy battleship. Wednesday is the anniversary of the formal Sept. 2, 1945, surrender of Japan to the United States, when documents were officially signed. The Japanese copy of the treaty varied from the Allied in the following ways: The Allied copy of the Instrument is at the United States National Archives Building in Washington, D.C..[19] A replica of the Japanese version can be viewed at the Edo-Tokyo Museum in Tokyo. My grandfather was present and received a card. On September 2, 1945, the Japanese representatives signed the official Instrument of Surrender, prepared by the War Department and approved by President Truman. H is 97 years old now and lives in Muscatine, Iowa. Some of the articles in the history say this was the same flag that was flown on the White House or the National Capitol on 7 December 1941, the attack on Pearl Harbor, and at Casablanca, and so forth, also MacArthur took it up to Tokyo and flew it over his headquarters there. If you require a personal response, please use our contact page. He accepted the … After MacArthur's signature as Supreme Commander, the following representatives signed the instrument of surrender on behalf of each of the Allied Powers: The UK invited Dominion governments to send representatives to the ceremony as subordinates to its own. MacArthur was a direct descendant of the New England Perry family and cousin of Commodore Matthew Perry. The full occupation of Japan, however, is only just beginning. If you have something to share that would enrich our knowledge about this object, use the form below. Watching from across the table are Lieutenant General Richard K. Sutherland and General of the Army Douglas MacArthur. Robert E. McGranaghan is his name. My father, Signalman First Class Raymond G. Hensel, was stationed on Guam. Accepted the japanese Singapore Garrison Surrender from General Itaakj Army and Admaral Fukudome on board th.M.S. The instructions of operation should be preserved for demonstrations !!!! Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signing the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of the Japanese Government, formally ending World War II General of the Army Douglas MacArthur signing the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of the Allied Powers Others commemorate Sept. 2, when Japan formally signed its surrender… All of the pens used by MacArthur were black, except the last, which was plum-colored and went to his wife. But the formal ceremony ending the war had to wait until Sunday, Sept. 2, 1945, when Japan’s official defeat was staged on the USS Missouri. The Japanese Instrument of Surrender was the written agreement that formalized the surrender of the Empire of Japan, marking the end of hostilities in World War II. Gen. 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